五年级英语第一单元知识点归纳

作者:佚名 资料来源:网络 点击数: 更新日期:2018/10/1

五年级英语第一单元知识点归纳

文 章来
源莲山 课件 w w
w.5 Y k J.Co m

五年级英语第一单元知识点归纳

第一单元语法点的收集
1.There be句型表示“某处有某物”
(1)其中there is 用于单数名词或不可数名词,如:
There is a pencil case in the school bag.
There is some soup/milk /tea/coffee/juice/water/chocolate.
(2)There are用于可数名词的复数,如:  There are some desks in the classroom.
(3)There be 句型的就近原则:be动词后面如果跟的是不止一种物品,就根据离它最近的物品选用is或are.如:There are some pictures and a telephone. There is a telephone and some pictures.
2.There be 句型的否定形式:在be动词的后面加not(is not可以缩写为isn't,are not可以缩写为 aren't)把some 改成any。 例:There is a pencil in the pencil-box.(改为否定句) There isn't a pencil in the pencil-box.
There are some crayons on the desk.(改为否定句) There aren't any crayons on the desk.
3.“some”和“any”都有“一些”的意思.“some”一般用于肯定句,“any”用于否定句和一般疑问句。但在一些表示委婉请求,想得到对方肯定回答的疑问句中,也用“some”.
例:
1.There are some watermelons in the basket.(肯定句)
2.There aren't any birds in the tree.(否定句)
3.Are there any toy trains on the table?(疑问句)
4.Would you like some tea?(表委婉请求)
4.can在否定句中的用法:表示某人不能做某事时,通常在can后面加否定词not, 后面加动词原形。 Bobby cannot(can’t) see any cakes in the fridge.
5. 感叹句的结构:感叹句常用how或what来引导
  (1)what引导的感叹句
a.What+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数!What a beautiful house!
b.What+形容词+可数名词复数!  What nice dresses! c. What+形容词+不可数名词!   
What delicious milk!
(2)how引导的感叹句      How+形容词/副词!    How nice!

文 章来
源莲山 课件 w w
w.5 Y k J.Co m