九年级语文《渔父》导学案

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九年级语文《渔父》导学案

文 章
来源莲山
课件 w ww.5 y kj.Co m

九年级语文《渔父》导学案

【学习目标】 

1、利用小组合作来归纳文言重点字词句。

2、认识屈原宁为玉碎,不为瓦全的伟大人格,思考人生的价值。

【学习重点】

认识屈原宁为玉碎,不为瓦全的伟大人格,思考人生的价值。

【学习难点】

把握本文的语言特色。

【课首自学】

 

诵读课文,掌握基础知识。

1、了解文学常识

屈原是中国文学史上第一位伟大的爱国诗人,政治家,名平,战国时楚人。作品有强烈的忧国忧民、忠君致治的思想。屈原先被楚怀王重用,后因小人谗言被放逐。楚国被秦灭亡后,他的政治理想破灭,传说屈原于农历五月五日投江自尽。中国民间五月五日端午节包粽子、赛龙舟的习俗就源于人们对屈原的纪念。1953年,屈原还被列为世界“四大文化名人”之一,受到世界和平理事会和全世界人民的隆重纪念。屈原的作品计有《离骚》、《天问》、《九歌》(11)、《九章》(9)、《招魂》,凡23篇。 

“楚辞体”是兴起于战国,以屈原、宋玉为代表创作的一种诗歌形式。突破《诗经》四言的格式,语句参差,多用“兮”,想象丰富,文辞华美,是我国浪漫主义文学的源头。以屈原《离骚》为代表作,又称“骚体”。

2、熟读课文,完成下列问题。

1、给下列加点字注音。 
渔父                枯槁(             凝滞(            莞尔(        

餔(       )其糟而歠(       )其醨(          汶汶(            淈(       )泥  

 鼓枻(           濯(       )缨    
2
、解释下列句子中加点字的意思。 
1)颜色憔悴                2)是以见放                 

3)鼓枻而去                4)形容枯槁             

3、名句填空

1)乘骐骥以驰骋兮,                     

2                     ,吾将上下而求索。

3                       ,哀民生之多艰。

4)亦余心之所善兮,                     

5                     ,众人皆醉我独醒。

4、翻译下列重点句子:

1)举世皆浊我独清,众人皆醉我独醒,是以见放。

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2)安能以身之察察,受物之汶汶者乎。

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3)安能以皓皓之白,而蒙世俗之尘埃乎!

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 我的疑问:                                                                                                                                                                ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                                                    

                                                                                                         

 

【课中共学】     

 

1、本文塑造了一个怎样的屈原形象?显示了屈原怎样的人格?

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2、本文在塑造屈原的同时,还塑造了一个渔父的形象,渔父是个什么样的形象?对屈原形象的塑造有何作用?

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3、你怎样看屈原和渔父不同的为人处事的态度的?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                                                                                                                

【课尾检学】

                                                                   

解释下面的文言词语

   

举世皆浊我独清     (            )               

举孝廉         (               )            

戍卒叫,函谷举    (                 )                    

   

是以见放      (                 )                  

渔父见而问之曰      (                 )        

项伯即入见沛公      (                )           

   

安能以身之察察         (             )   

察邻国之政,无如寡人之用心者   (              )         

唯陛下察之           (            )     

前太守臣察臣孝廉        (              )                

安能以身之察察       (               )        

既来之,则安之       (              )                

风雨不动安如山         (                )  

                                                                        

 

 

归纳总结:                                                                                                                                                          ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                                                                    

                                                                                                         

                                                                                    

 

文 章
来源莲山
课件 w ww.5 y kj.Co m
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