作者:未知 资料来源:不详 点击数:    有奖投稿





Period 3 the –ing form as either the subject or the object






1. 语言知识目标:学生能在一定语境中识别并掌握动名词用作主语或宾语的功能。

2. 语言能力目标:引导学生形成发现和归纳动名词做主语或宾语规则的能力;培养学生在句子和语篇中运用动名词做主语或宾语的能力。

3. 情感目标:在教学活动中充分营造平等竞争的氛围,帮助学生积极参与各种形式的教学活动。

4. 学习策略:帮助学生有效地运用观察、分析、归纳等方法理解和掌握所学内容。



五、Teaching  procedures

Step 1 Revision

Look at the picture of Yuan Long ping and give students some questions about the text. (Encourage students to learn from Dr Yuan and understand the function of the –ing form.)

1. What does he look like?

2. What does he work to do his research?

3. Why did Dr. Yuan want to increase the rice output when he was young?

Step 2 Discovering useful structures

Ask students to check your answers in groups and report the results on the blackboard.


1. 在阅读材料中找出用-ing形式做主语和宾语的句子,并按以下要求归类。


1) Since then, finding ways to grow more rice has been his life goal.

2) Spending money on himself or leading a comfortable life also means very little to him.

3) Just dreaming for things, however, costs nothing.

Object of preposition:

1) As a young man, he saw the great need for increasing the rice output.

2) Dr. Yuan searched for a way to increase rice harvests without expanding the area of the fields.

3) However, he doesn’t care about being famous.

4) Dr. Yuan awoke from his dream with the hope of producing a kind of rice that could feed more people.

Object of verb:

     1) He enjoys listening to violin music, playing mahjong, swimming and reading.

     2.  用括号中所给动词的适当形式补全句子。

1)Collecting(collect)stamps is a good hobby.

2) Chatting (chat) with them improves our minds.

3) Smiling (smile) is the best language.

4) He enjoys swimming (swim).

5) Don’t be afraid of speaking (speak) English.

(This part can give students an impression on the function of the –ing form as either the subject or the object.)

Step 3 Learning the usage of the –ing form as either the subject or object

Give students some explanations if necessary after two students made comments on their performances. And make students understand that we should change the form of verb as v-ing form when the form of verb acts as the subject or the object in a sentence.

Step 4 Practice

Task 1: Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1. Talking to him is talking to a wall.

2. Smoking may cause cancer.

3. Smiling is the best language.

4. Seeing is believing.

5. I suggest bringing the meeting to an end.

Task 2: Do Ex.2 on P13 and Ex.1 on P50.(句型转换和对话练习,见附页。)

(The design is to show students more examples to help them consolidate the usage of –ing form as either the subject or object.)

[探究] 能够积极用心地思考、讨论并归纳出哪些动词后可以接动名词作宾语。

Step 5 Discussing and further understanding

Ask students to discuss in groups and find out some verbs that can be followed by –ing form as object. And then report your ideas on blackboard. At last, ask one student to comment and choose the best three groups and students.

Step 6 Summary

• Some verbs that are followed by –ing as object: advise, finish, practice, suggest, avoid, enjoy, imagine, admit, miss, escape, risk, excuse, stand, keep, mind….

• Some phrases that are followed by–ing as object: look forward to, devote to, be busy doing,               feel like,  can’t help doing,  lead to….

• Some sentence patters :spend ….doing 

  have some difficulty in doing something….

• 动名词做主语应注意:




•       动名词作宾语应注意:



     哪些动词后接to do :


3)作介词宾语,要注意短语里含有“to” 时,“to”的词性:


(This practice can help students review what they have learned.)

Step 7 Checking students for assessment

[课内自测](To learn about what students have learned and consolidate what they have learned.)





2). Doing easily what others find difficult is talent; doing what others think is impossible is genius.



2. 根据括号内汉语提示,完成短文。

As a young man, Li Ming dreamt of         (become) a scientist. He enjoyed      (study) all the subjects at school. But when he saw the need for doctors in the poor countryside, he decided        (devote) himself to       (look after) sick people. After         (graduate) from Shanxi medicine university, he became a doctor in his hometown. He cares little about       (make) money. He is interested in      (help) poor people. When some poor villagers come for help, he seldom asks them for charge. He even offers some money to them. He is never afraid of     (become) poor. He is only concerned about people’s health.